Kenya map outline
Quick Facts
Capital: Nairobi
Population of 46.7 million
17.3 million lack access to safe water
32.7 million lack access to improved sanitation
43% of the total population lives below the national poverty line

Kenya's Water Crisis

Currently supports a country-wide WaterCredit initiative with four microfinance institutions in both rural and urban areas. The programs provide a variety of water and sanitation products to fit the needs of households such as rainwater harvesting tanks, water connections, shallow wells, pumps, VIP latrines, septic tanks, and biogas toilets.

Historically has supported direct impact programs in Nyanza and Eastern Provinces. In rural communities in Nyanza Province implemented safe water and sanitation programs in schools, piloted WaterCredit models, and constructed water sources, such as boreholes. In rural, water-scarce Eastern Province supported community boreholes, school and community sanitation, and hygiene education.

The Water & Sanitation Crisis in Kenya

According to the Joint Monitoring Programme’s 2012 report, access to safe water supplies throughout Kenya is 59% and access to improved sanitation is 32%. There is still an unmet need in rural and urban areas for both water and sanitation. Kenya faces challenges in water provision with erratic weather patterns in the past few years causing droughts and water shortages. Kenya also has a limited renewable water supply and is classified as a water scarce country. Urban migration contributes to challenges in sanitation, as people crowd into cities and urban growth is unregulated.

Due to lack of access to water and sanitation, diarrhea is second to pneumonia in deaths in children under five years of age (excluding neonatal). Water, sanitation and hygiene related illnesses and conditions are the number one cause of hospitalization in children under age five. Access to water and sanitation also contribute to time savings for women, more hours in school for girls, and fewer health costs.