Uganda map outline
Quick Facts
Capital: Kampala
Population of 40.1 million
8.4 million lack access to safe water
31.5 million lack access to improved sanitation
63% of the total population lives on less than US$2 per day

Uganda's Water Crisis’s current programs in Uganda operate in partnership with microfinance institutions, providing loans for water and sanitation through WaterCredit. These programs are in peri-urban communities around Kampala and will soon be scaled-up country-wide. More than 40% of people living in the greater Kampala area live in unplanned settlements. Of those residents, only 17% have access to piped water.

Many people use springs and other surface sources that are highly contaminated due to poor drainage and little regulation of waste disposal. High population growth (more than 5% annually) due to migration to informal settlements stresses water and sanitation resources that are currently available.

The Water & Sanitation Crisis in Uganda

Access to safe water supplies throughout Uganda is 65%. Although the number of people with access to safe water and sanitation has improved over the past 10 years, there are still many communities (both rural and urban) that rely on contaminated water sources such as streams and open wells. More than half of all residents in Uganda do not have access to improved sanitation, sharing overcrowded pit latrines or practicing open defecation.

In unplanned urban settlements near Kampala, residents pay up to three times more for safe tap water than residents living in planned urban communities. As a result, residents collect water from alternate contaminated sources. This causes frequent outbreaks of waterborne diseases such as cholera and dysentery.