Collecting Water: The Role Of Women & ChildrenShare
Women and children spend 125 million hours each day collecting water.1,2,3
Women and girls living without a toilet spend 266 million hours each day finding a place to go.4
Women and children bear the primary responsibility for water collection.3
Women and girls often spend up to 6 hours each day collecting water.5
In Africa and Asia, women and children walk an average of 3.7 miles a day just to collect water.6,7
Reductions in time spent collecting water have been found to increase school attendance.8,9
Every 90 seconds a child dies from a water-related disease.1
160 million children suffer from stunting and chronic malnutrition linked to water and sanitation.1
Globally, 1/3 of all schools lack access to safe water and sanitation.1
Diarrhea is the 3rd leading cause of child death, a majority of which are water-related.1
Involving women can make water projects 6 to 7 times more effective.5
Resource LinksLook for more facts in our collection of Water Resource Links.
- World Health Organization and UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). (2015) Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation, 2015 Update and MDG Assessment.
- World Health Organization. (2012). Global costs and benefits of drinking-water supply and sanitation interventions to reach the MDG target and universal coverage.
- WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation. (2010). Progress on Sanitation and Drinking-Water, 2010 Update and MDG Assessment.
- Domestos WaterAid WSSCC. (2015). Why we can't wait. A report on sanitation and hygiene for women and girls.
- UN Water. (2013). UN-Water factsheet on water and gender, World Water Day 2013.
- World Water Assessment Programme, UNESCO. (2015). Water for Women: Every woman counts. Every second counts.
- United Nations, OHCHR, UN-HABITAT, WHO. (2010). The Right to Water, Fact Sheet No. 35.
- Nauges, Celine and Jon Strand. (2011). Water Hauling and Girls' School Attendance: Some New Evidence from Ghana.
- Koolwal, Gayatri and Dominique van de Walle (2010). Access to Water, Women's Work and Child Outcomes.